ইংরেজি: শনিবার, ২৫ মে ২০২৪ | বাংলা: ২৫ ভাদ্র ১৪৩১

Bangladesh Politics – Leaders, Political Parties, Parliament & Elections

Politics of Bangladesh takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Bangladesh is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Constitution of Bangladesh was written in 1972 and has undergone seventeen amendments.

Political parties in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Awami League

Founded: 1949
Leader: Sheikh Hasina

Bangladesh Nationalist Party

Founded: 1978
Leader: Khaleda Zia

Jatiya Party

Founded: 1986
Leader: GM Quader

Communist Party of Bangladesh

Founded: 1948
Leader: Shah Alam

Socialist Party of Bangladesh

Founded: 1980
Leader: Comrade Bazlur Rashid Firoz

Workers Party of Bangladesh

Founded: 1980
Leader: Rashed Khan Menon

Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal

Founded: 1972
Leader: Hasanul Haque Inu

Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh

Founded: 2004
Leader: A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury

Gano Forum

Founded: 1992
Leader: Kamal Hossain

Political parties in Bangladesh

Election results - 2024

Background

Election date(s) 07 Jan 2024
Number of seats at stake 300

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election 28
Total number of candidates 1,973

Voter turnout

Registered voters 119,689,289
Voters 50,030,122
Voter turnout 41.8%

Results

About the election The Bangladesh Awami League (AL), led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, won a fourth consecutive term, taking 224 of the 300 seats at stake in the 350-member Parliament (see note 1). In addition, 62 independent candidates – most of them reportedly close to the AL – were elected. Opposition parties, including the AL’s main rival, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP, led by former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia), boycotted the 2024 elections (see note 2). On 11 January, President Mohammed Shahabuddin (AL) swore in Ms. Hasina as Prime Minister. On 30 January, the newly elected Parliament re-elected Ms. Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (AL) as its Speaker for a fourth consecutive term.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 224
Jatiya Party (Ershad) 11
Bangladesh Kalyan Party 1
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 1
Workers Party of Bangladesh 1
Independents 62

Election results - 2018

Background

Election date(s) 30 Dec 2018
Number of seats at stake 300

Voter turnout

Registered voters 104,238,677

Results

About the election The Grand Alliance – the ruling coalition led by the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s Bangladesh Awami League (AL) – won 288 out of 300 general seats in the 350-member Parliament (see note 1), giving her a third consecutive term. The Jatiya Oikya Front (“National Unity Front”), formed by the AL’s main rival Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP, see note 2) and its allies, took only eight seats. A record 22 women won general seats, up from 18 in 2014. On 9 January 2019, President Md Abdul Hamid (AL) convened the newly elected parliament for 30 January.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 258
Jatiya Party 23
Bangladesh Workers Party 3
Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh 2
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 2
Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) 6
Gano Forum 2
Independents 3

Election results - 2014

Background

Election date(s) 05 Jan 2014
Number of seats at stake 300

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election 12
Total number of candidates 380

Voter turnout

Registered voters 92,007,113
Voters 47,262,168
Voter turnout 51.4%

Results

About the election The Bangladesh Awami League (AL) and its allies, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, took a total of 245 seats of the 300 seats at stake. The elections were boycotted by an 18-party opposition alliance, led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). Due to the boycott, a total of 153 seats were decided uncontested. The Jatiya Party led by former president Hussain Mohammad Ershad took 34 seats.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 234
Jatiya Party 34
Independents 16
Bangladesh Workers Party 6
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 5
Jatiya Party-JP 2
Bangladesh Tarikat Federation 2
Bangladesh Nationalist Front (BNF) 1

Election results - 2008

Background

Election date(s) 29 Dec 2008

Voter turnout

Registered voters 81,083,933
Voters 70,647,508
Voter turnout 87.13%

Results

About the election The final results gave 263 seats to the AL-led alliance of which 230 went to the AL. The BNP took 30 seats and its allies three (see note 2). The remainder went to independent candidates. Nineteen women were elected.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 230
Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) 30
Jatiya Party (National Party) (Naziur) 27
Independents 4
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal-Jasad 3
Bangladesh Jamaytee Islami (Bangladesh Islamic Block) 2
Bangladesh Workers Party 2
Bangladesh Jatiya Party (BJP) 1
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) 1

Election results - 2001

Background

Election date(s) 01 Oct 2001

Voter turnout

Registered voters 74,660,443
Voters 55’905’518
Voter turnout 74.88%

Results

About the election The results of the parliamentary elections showed that the BNP, which had formed an alliance with three other (Islamic) parties, had won 193 of 300 seats, while the outgoing Awami League had won 62, the Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh 18, and the National Party (Ershad) 14. Turnout was near 75%.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Bangladesh National Party (BNP) 193
Awami League 62
Jamaat-e-Islami 17
Jatiya Party 14
Others 8
Independents 6
Last updated: May 14, 2024